This report examines additive manufacturing (AM) and describes its potential impact on the Navy’s Supply Chain Management processes. Included in the analysis is the implementation of 3D printing technology and how it could impact the Navy’s future procurement processes, specifically based on a conducted analysis of the automotive aerospace industry. Industry research and development has identified multiple dimensions of AM technology, including material variety, cost saving advantages, and lead-time minimizations for manufacturing products. This project is designed to provide the Navy with a recommendation based on an in-depth industry case-study analysis. CHAPTER I * INTRODUCTION * A. OVERVIEW * B. REPORT ORGANIZATION * CHAPTER II * LITERATURE REVIEW * A. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING HISTORY * B. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING OVERVIEW * C. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS * 1. Binder Jetting * 2. Directed Energy Deposition * 3. Material Extrusion * 4. Material Jetting * 5. Powder Bed Fusion * 6. Sheet Lamination * 7. Vat Photopolymerization * D. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING USES AND BENEFITS * E. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING CHALLENGES, ISSUES, AND CONCERNS * F. NAVY PROCUREMENT PROCESS * G. SUMMARY * CHAPTER III * METHODOLOGY * A. MULTIPLE CASE-STUDY ANALYSIS * B. IMPLEMENTATION * C. SUMMARY * CHAPTER IV * CASE ANALYSIS * A. BIG INDUSTRY: ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING IN AVIATION AND AUTOMOTIVE MANUFACTURING * 1. Automotive Industry * a. General Motors Financial Troubles * b. Costs * c. Additive Manufacturing in Tooling Process * d. Application in Production of Parts * 2. Aerospace Industry * 3. Boeing Aviation Corporation * 4. Additive Manufacturing Developments * B. CONCLUSIONS * CHAPTER V * IMPLEMENTATION * A. INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS * B. MILITARY APPLICATIONS * C. IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS AND CRITERIA * D. MILITARY ISSUES WITH AM * 1. Parts Testing and Certification * 2. Information Security * 3. Intellectual Property Infringement * 4. Personnel Training and Skill Set Development * E. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING PROCESSES DEPLOYED * CHAPTER VI * CONCLUSION * A. SUMMARY
. The creators of a new type of urban bike, the makers of a sustainable lighting solution, and a bunch of kids in the Bronx who invented a scooter mounted cell phone charger. These are some of the design types who use Autodesk Fusion 360, a cloud-based industrial and mechanical 3D design tool, to realize their visions. Fusion 360 was developed for small start-up companies who want a more advanced solution than Autodesk 123D, but don’t need or cannot invest in a more sophisticated modeling product like Autodesk Inventor or SolidWorks. Render your 3D know-how from rank beginner to confident practitioner in this intro course from Autodesk expert Mike Thomas.
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HP Inc. has selected Materialise Software (MTLS) for its new HP Jet Fusion 3D Printing Solution. The new HP printing solution is available for order and is compatible with Materialise Magics 3D Print Suite.
HP chose to work with Materialise because of the software’s simplicity and user-friendly build processor. Essentially, HP wanted to make sure its customers got an excellent 3D printing experience and Materialise delivered.
According to HP’s President of #D Printing, Stephen Nigro, the two companies created an amazing product. He said: “3D printing will bring tremendous benefit to manufacturing, helping to make it faster and less expensive…Matching the HP Jet Fusion 3D Printing Solution with Materialise software provides our customers the best-in-class solution for industrial 3D printing.”
- Recent financial results showed revenues of $29.41 million, which was down $3.47 million. While gross margins grew from 57.86% to 59.86%. Overall, earnings declined but operating margins improved from -16.95% to -8.53%.
- Materialise’s CEO Fried Vancraen was very pleased about working with HP. He said: “This collaboration with HP combines more than 100 years of software and printing expertise. Our mutual knowledge will benefit businesses producing functional prototypes to final production parts…Developing a Build Processor that connects HP technology to our software backbone for 3D Printing felt like a natural step. We want users of the Materialise Magics 3D Print Suite to have access to premium technologies.”
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In an article on Seeking Alpha, it was reported that Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) has entered the domain of 3D printing with its latest Fusion printing technology. Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) has recently announced to split its business in two parts: one will deal with services and other will inculcate PC and printer business. HP is hopeful that dividing its business in parts will let it increase the focus and grip in the Enterprise marketplace. The source said that Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) started its 3D printing endeavors back in 1990 but so far, the company has failed in imbibing the customer interest. Pricing, lack of awareness and features are the main problems Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) is facing in its 3D printing technology.
Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) has signed several partnerships with 3D printing companies in order to clear the way of market hurdles. It has announced that its latest Fusion printing technology will be 10 times faster than before. Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) has also claimed that pricing model will be competitive and it will facilitate the Enterprise and small business to get the full use of 3D printing technology.
Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) has big plans to capture the 3D printing market by 2016. Major 3D printing companies are welcoming this step from HP. Recently, Stratasys CEO said that HP has done the right thing to revive its ambitions to take over the 3D printing world.
According to Gartner, 3D printing market will brush around $13.4 billion by 2018. Market is vast and Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ) can easily lead it in the near future with its innovative technologies like Fusion.
Ralph V. Whitworth is one of the shareholders of Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE:HPQ), having around 28 million shares of the company
A new ASTM International working standard may be on the books soon. The proposed standard,”Practice for Metal Powder Bed Fusion to Meet Rigid Quality Requirements” (WK46188) will outline the protocol for the operation and production of powder bed fusion machines used in additive manufacturing and 3-D printing.
The working instruction will contain requirements for parts made with powder bed fusion methods that use laser and electron beam sources. “Powder bed fusion” generally refers to manufacturing processes that use a laser to fuse or melt metal powders in a bed. Electron beam melting, selective laser sintering, selective laser melting and direct metal laser sintering can all be used to create products using “powder bed fusion.”
This directive will likely be used by suppliers setting up shop to create parts using powder bed fusion processes and manufacturers who will use the guidelines to create their own in-house guidelines.
The guideline will increase the safety and quality of parts created via powder bed fusion according to Shane Collins, ASTM member and director, program management, Incodema3d LLC. “Additive manufacturing is based on the capabilities of the machines used in the process,” said Collins. “The machines have been historically designed for the rapid prototyping industry, and we are taking those same machines and now asking them to make safety critical components. WK46188 will illustrate what the critical parameters for successful powder bed fusion are, how to determine the upper and lower limits of the process and ensure all components are exactly the same.”
ASTM F3091 or “Specification for Powder Bed Fusion of Plastic Materials” is a written standard for powder bed fusion of plastic materials. It specifies end-use properties such as mechanical, tolerance, surface finishing and post-processing for polyamide parts produced using SLS. ASTM F3049 or “Guide for Characterizing Properties of Metal Powders Used for Additive Manufacturing Processes,” will benefit those who use and make metal powders in the automotive, aerospace and medical fields.
It is without a doubt that a solid set of standards will need to be in place as the technology around additive manufacturing continues to rapidly develop. ASTM has also recently signed a MOU with America Makes outlining a framework for cooperation between the two, in hopes of creating a set of standards within the industry. Let’s hear your thoughts on this story in the additive manufacturing standards forum thread on 3DPB.com.