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3d Materials and Construction Possibilities (Project Learning With 3D Printing)

Most students will work with a plastic when making things with a 3D printer, but that is only scratching the surface of materials that can be used in these machines. This book takes a look at the different materials that can be used by 3D printers, what those materials can make, and the advantages and disadvantages for each.

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Using 3D printing technology with experiential learning strategies to improve preengineering …

This study combined 3D printing technology with experiential learning strategies (ELS) to design a hands‐on curriculum for preengineering students.

3D Materials and Construction Possibilities (Project Learning With 3D Printing)

Most students will work with a plastic when making things with a 3D printer, but that is only scratching the surface of materials that can be used in these machines. This book takes a look at the different materials that can be used by 3D printers, what those materials can make, and the advantages and disadvantages for each.

Check Out Our Website For Details…

ALUNAR 3D Printer Prusa I3 Kit Self Assembly Mini DIY Desktop FDM 3D Learning for Industry School Kids Education Similar to Anet A8

ALUNAR 3D printer is a DIY 3D printer I3 kit that comes with all the 3D printer spare parts needed.
This printer is widely used in education, industrial design, school research, home use and much more.
Not only you can learn and know how the 3D printer works
and also you can make some really neat objects by this ALUNAR I3 3D printer.

However, we must tell you:
1.This 3D printer is in need of great passion,

patience and operational ability since it is a DIY kit, comes with all 3D printer spare parts.
2. This 3D printer is perfect for PLA 3D printing, without heated bed.
3.This 3D printer is a user-certified printer kit, it is fully normally functional,
if any problems during the assembly and use, please contact us immediately to resolve.

3D Printer Parameters:
Frame: Acrylic
Color: Black
Machine Size: 395*395*415mm
Packing Size: 500*460*150mm
Machine Weight:5.8 Kg
Gross Weight:8.0 kg
Power Adapter:
Input:AC110V/220V 50/60Hz
Output:DC12V 5A

Technical Specification:
Printing Technology: FDM
Heated Bed: NO
Print Size: 150*150*150mm
Filament Diameter: 1.75mm
Number of Extruder:1
Nozzle Diameter:0.4mm(default)
Printing Precision: 0.1-0.3mm
Printing Speed: 40-120mm/s
X Y Axis Speed: 500mm/s (MAX)
Z Axis Speed:5mm/s (MAX)
Nozzle Temperature:260℃(MAX)
Working condition:10-40℃
Operating System: Windows, Mac,Linux
Control Software: Repetier-Host,Cura
File format:STL,OBJ,G-code
Display LCD: MINI 12864
Interface:USB /TF card(support offline print)

Package Included:
1* Black ALUNAR DIY 3D Printer Kit
1*3D Filament Spool Holder
1*3D Filament
1*USB Cable
1*TF Card
1*Tool Kit
and other spare parts

Product Features

  • First DIY 3D Printer Kit and Best Gift: classical black and unique blue versions for options.
  • Optimized and upgraded extruder for easy and safe filament loading and high precision printing.
  • Upgraded and certificated power adapter with power on and off switch make sure it’s so easy and safe to use the 3D printer.
  • Over Heat and Over Time Protection:If the preheat time over the origin, the printer will alarm and stop working to remind you.It is much safer.
  • Better modularization DIY parts and colorful sockets on main board for easier wiring and faster installation,so we can have fun and enjoy the assembly and get great learning experience.

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How Machine Learning Will Unlock The Future of 3D Printing

Remember how, just five years ago, it seemed like 3D printing was going to take over the world? How it seemed like we’d have 3D printed cars that we’d be parking in our 3D printed houses? Things didn’t seem to work out so much. But even while the hype died, companies have been steadily working on the technology.


Two years after Autodesk announced a plan to 3D print an entire steel bridge designed by Joris Laarman, the project really is going forward, with anticipated completion at the end of the year. Autodesk agreed to share an exclusive update with Co.Design. What’s fascinating is how much things have evolved, how many problems have been conquered—and where the project goes from here.

A Case Study For Industrial Applications 

The bridge is really just a proof of concept for printed steel applications that range from shipbuilding to off-shore oil rigs. Getting there will require not just better software, but robots that can teach themselves how to get better at 3D printing. “We’re now making huge steps in the volume of object that can be printed. That’s going to create a significant leap in adoption,” says Gijs van der Velden, who runs MX3D, a startup spun off from Joris Laarman Lab that’s dedicated to commercializing large-scale steel printing.

Bridge Design [Photo: Joris Laarman Lab]When Laarman first dreamed up the bridge, it was supported by a lattice of struts that branched like an ice crystal. It was to be installed across a canal near Amsterdam’s historical Red Light district. But the bridge has changed radically, for one simple reason: The city found that the design stressed the walls of the canal, and so had to be reengineered. The bridge that’s being printed now more resembles a typical pedestrian structure, though the surface and form still bend and twist fantastically, in a way that could only be done with 3D printing. And that’s the point: To show all kinds of would-be partners what’s possible.

[Photo: Olivier de Gruijter]The challenge is printing big pieces. You might think that would be a hardware problem—a matter of making better robots—but it’s actually more about software. All along, the idea has been to use off-the-shelf industrial robots, so that a client could literally order the robots, get them in three weeks later, and then use MX3D’s software to print whatever they like. It’s complicated to get those robots to weld something that has all the physical properties required of a high-performance part.


When steel melts, its physical properties change. Constant reheating makes it brittle. That means that you can’t simply build up a 3D printed steel structure like you can with plastic, applying one layer of goop at a time. As the successive layers of steel are applied, they reheat the layers below. If those have been only recently applied, they get weaker. Conquering that challenge means an entirely different printing strategy. As different areas cool, the steel has to be built up in what look like random patterns. A robot that’s 3-D printing with steel looks less like a spider spinning a web—and more like a spider spinning a web while tripping on acid. Because the printer is no longer waiting for steel to cool in a particular spot, the printer itself can work twice as quickly.

[Photo: Olivier de Gruijter]But then things get even more complicated. Intricate 3D geometries are by definition bespoke, so it’s hard to know in advance where the machine will have trouble creating strong welds. This is where machine learning can help. The industrial robots that MX3D uses already have sensors that detect how much current is being used to heat up the metal, how hot that metal gets, and where exactly the welds are being applied. MX3D is working on the next phase: combining that data with machine learning algorithms to help the robot learn what welds are likely to pose problems—and either address those problems in real time, or avoid them altogether, coming up with new patterns of movement that allow each layer to build up properly. “When you’re making the file for printing, the big issues will be resolved,” explains van der Velden. “When you’re actually printing, the machine will recognize a problem and create a solution on the fly.”

GradientScreen [Photo: Joris Laarman Lab]He concedes that 3D printing steel won’t be useful in 95% of industrial building projects. In those cases, simple structures are all that’s needed. But the remaining 5% is a huge market. For example, the steel support structure for an off-shore oil rig incredibly difficult to engineer. Instead of having a team of builders create a single part, you might have two engineers keeping watch over eight robots. Moreover, one of the most time-consuming steps in making pieces for a huge project such as an oil rig is shaving critical parts down, to save whatever weight you can. Reducing a 6,000 kilo part to 5,000 kilos can mean renting an entirely different sort of crane for installation, at a dramatically lower cost. 3D printing such a part, with an intricate interior structure where all the weight has already been reduced, might stand to reduce weight by 50% while requiring no extra shaving work. The same goes with large, high-performance parts such as the rotor on a cargo ship. Massive energy savings would result from a piece the looks the same on the outside but has been optimally hollowed out on the inside.

Which brings us back to the bridge. It’s meant to be marketing for MX3D; Autodesk, which makes the software; and a dozen other partners who’ve lent millions of dollars in resources to develop the technology. While the bridge looks cool on the outside, that surface is really meant to show what’s possible inside giant pieces of equipment that haven’t changed much in decades. “It’s not going to be a magical way of producing everything,” says van der Velden. “But we’ll find really important new parts to print.”