UW merger plan concerns UW-Stout

A plan to merge the University of Wisconsin System’s 13 two-year colleges with the UW’s four-year institutions next summer has the chancellor at the University of Wisconsin-Stout in Menomonie concerned about losing prospective students.

The plan would transform the system’s 13 two-year schools into regional branches of the 13 four-year schools. Students would still be able to earn associate degrees, but they would bear the name of the four-year school. Students would get a wider range of courses to choose from and be able to take third- and fourth-year courses at the branch campus.

For example, two-year school UW-Barron County would cease to exist. Its buildings, faculty and staff would become a branch of UW-Eau Claire. Students who attend the branch campus would earn associate degrees from UW-Eau Claire and could complete four-year degrees through UW-Eau Claire.

“I…will do everything possible to maintain our historical link to UW-Barron County and remain a top choice for students who start their education there and continue to a four-year degree,” UW-Stout Chancellor Bob Meyer said in a press release.

“In 2015-16, for example, more than a quarter of the UW-Barron County students who transferred to UW System institutions chose UW-Stout, and we must preserve that transfer pipeline.”

UW System enrollment figures show UW-Barron County has fallen in full-time equivalent student enrollment from 484 in 2010 to 315 in a preliminary count from fall 2017. That’s a drop of 169 students, or 35 percent.

Cross said the merger would be done effective July 1, 2018. “Essentially, there will be no change this fall or spring, and we look forward to seeing how to best leverage UW-Eau Claire to expand access to higher education by offering more general education and upper-level courses, as well as identify and reduce barriers to transferring credits within the UW System,” Cross said in an email to the UW-Eau Claire.

Chancellor James C. Schmidt said in an email to facility, staff and UW-Eau Claire students: “While it is too soon to identify all the opportunities this new structure could bring to students here and in Barron County, we do know that meeting the needs of students at both campuses will be our highest priority.”

Schmidt continued in the email: “UW-Eau Claire and UW-Barron County long have enjoyed an excellent relationship, with many students beginning their college careers in Rice Lake and completing their degrees in Eau Claire.”

Schmidt said he will talk in future weeks with faculty students and community leaders in the Chippewa Valley and Barron County to find ways to move forward.

Besides pairing UW-Barron County with UW-Eau Claire, the proposal would bring each UW Colleges campus under one of six other four-year public universities:

The Rock County college would join UW-Whitewater

The Baraboo/Sauk County and Richland colleges would join UW-Platteville

The Manitowoc, Marinette and Sheboygan colleges would join UW-Green Bay

The Washington County and Waukesha colleges would join UW-Milwaukee

The Marathon County and Marshfield/Wood County colleges would join UW-Stevens Point

The Fond du Lac and Fox Valley colleges would join UW-Oshkosh

UW-Stout and UW-River Falls would not be linked to a UW college.

Cross said in a statement that the merger will help the UW address declining enrollment at its two-year colleges, make it easier to transfer credits within the UW System and better address the challenge of Wisconsin’s aging population.

UW Extension programs would also come under new administration as part of the sweeping restructuring plan.

UW Extension’s Broadcasting and Media Innovations division — which includes Wisconsin Public Television and Wisconsin Public Radio — would be brought under UW System Administration, along with the Business and Entrepreneurship Division, continuing education, outreach and UW Flexible Option programs. Cooperative Extension and conference centers owned by UW Extension would be merged with UW-Madison.

Cross said in a statement that the merger will help UW address declining enrollment at its two-year colleges, make it easier to transfer credits within the UW System and better address the challenge of Wisconsin’s aging population.

“Change often produces uncertainty, but we cannot be afraid to pursue needed reforms,” he said. “Our goal is to expand access and provide more educational opportunities for more students, while ensuring our faculty are appropriately organized and supported. We are committed to making the transition as smooth as possible for students, faculty, and staff.”

It’s not immediately clear what the restructuring would mean for programs and jobs in the UW Colleges and Extension.

Cross will bring the proposal to the UW Board of Regents for approval in November, officials said.

Sandvik plan to acquire software firms

Metal cutting experts Sandvik are looking to continue their 3D printing journey among uncertainty regarding the future of the tooling market. A growing market for electric cars is changing one of the largest revenues for Sandvik as traditional engines are considerably more demanding in terms of resources, with many more smaller parts that need to be tooled. This shift towards electric vehicles means the manufacturing process for future cars will not be as intensive or reliant on metal cutting tools. Sandvik are preparing themselves for such change.

The Swedish company, which prides themselves on their tooling expertise, are delving more and more into 3D printing to stay ahead of the game, and according to reports the company plan to purchase industrial software firms. This comes after last years announcement about the opening of a 3D printing R&D centre in Sandviken, Sweden.

Sandvik Machining Solutions (SMS) president Jonas Gustavsson said recently:

We are quite convinced that we should and need to start looking at a larger part of the production chain. So that is an evolution of our positioning.

sandvik opens 3D printing r and d center

Sandvik logo. Image via Sandvik.

Currently, Sandvik offer a number of metal powders for 3D printing, for a range of additive manufacturing processes. Such powders include the Osprey metal powder. More centrally to the business, they have 20% of the $17 billion metal cutting tools market. However, demand is dropping and to combat this:

We are going to want to take a position within additive [manufacturing] in one way or another. I also believe we will have found one or two areas that are strongly linked to what we do today. We are talking about additive as an interesting area that we are looking at, but there are other areas as well.

Sandvik operate heavily in the engineering sector as well as the automotive. Half of Sandvik’s sales are from engineering with a quarter coming from automotive. The exponential growth of battery driven cars, opposed to traditional fuel, means the manufacture process will be changing. However, Gustavsson explained a silver lining in the increasing demand for SMS’s more specialized tooling services:

This segment is not going to collapse and disappear. But we have to develop our offering so we are not as dependent on the standard inserts volume as we have been,

Nevertheless, the Swedish company are confident that whatever way the industry goes they will be prepared for it. Increasingly we are seeing additive as a complementary technology to traditional subtraction processes. If this becomes the case for Sandvik, the aim will be to utilize 3D printing in order to remain dynamic in their field and adapt to the ever-changing market. 

Featured image shows Sandvik’s metal cutting process. Image via Sandvik Coromant. 

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Singapore just launched a plan to fill the city with 3D-printed homes

Authorities in Singapore have announced plans to provide residents with 3D-printed houses, and are now conducting a feasibility study to figure out how to get it done. 

If the proposal gets the go-ahead, house storeys will be printed independently and then assembled on site in the style of Lego bricks. The aim is to use machinery to build homes for Singapore’s elderly population without relying on foreign labour, although the concrete-printing technology at the centre of the scheme is still in the development phase.

The process of layering a 3D-printed object is the same no matter what the size or make of the printer itself, but some materials are more malleable than others. A Chinese company has previously experimented with a concrete aggregate to build its own houses, while a recent project in Italy involved putting together homes made out of clay.

When it comes to the Singapore project, not every part of the house would be 3D-printed – just the main structural components. The Singapore Centre for 3D Printing says it’s already successfully constructed three dorm-style buildings using its existing “Prefabricated Pre-Finished Volumetric Construction” methods.

A new concrete-based substance and new 3D printers will need to be developed before the plans can become a reality, they say. “In the area of housing there are quite big challenges,” Chua Chee Kai from the Centre for 3D Printing told GovInsider. “We have to develop all this from scratch … The construction industry is typically very conservative: building tends to be among the last industries to try something new.”

Representatives from the Centre say the first 3D-printed house (or partially 3D-printed house) could be up and ready in the next three years, so long as they can adequately verify their safety. Any elements that cannot be printed cost effectively could still be put together using traditional methods.

If the viability of the initiative can be proven, the benefits are clear: 3D printers require no wages and no rest periods, and can produce identical designs in a short timeframe. They can also switch to new designs with a few clicks of a computer mouse. Outside of the construction of homes, the Centre for 3D Printing is also exploring the possibility of using the same technology for military and medical facilities.

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CT imaging and 3D Printing Help Teams Plan Complicated Surgical Separations of Conjoined Twins

Kneatayle Hope and Adeline Faith Mata, the Texan girls born conjoined were successfully separated using CT imaging and 3D printed model of conjoined twins that helped doctors to perform the complicated separation of the babies.

Dr Krishnamurthy said several other teams have printed the models of skeletons or of particular organs, but high complexity was involved in this kind of case.

This is for the very first time when they tried to represent the entire anatomy of the babies in a single model, Dr Krishnamurthy told Medscape Medical News. The 3D printed model of the babies involved skeletal, cardiovascular, blood vessels, gastrointestinal, and gynecologic structures.

The entire procedure of the surgery was described by Dr Krishnamurthy during a news conference at the Radiological Society of North America 2015 Annual Meeting.

The conjoined twins were born on April 11, 2014, and were connected from chest to the pelvis. The twins had separated brains and hearts, said doctors.

“We didn’t start out saying we wanted to make this amazing 3D print. But once we had all the pieces of information, we realized it is now feasible with technology to do a print that incorporated all of that”, said Dr Krishnamurthy.

The team said they started imaging for the 3D model when the babies were about five months old. The radiologists used a technique called target mode prospective ECG gating to freeze the motion of the hearts and the lungs on the images.

Doing this helped them to get a detailed view of the cardiovascular anatomy while keeping exposure to radiation low. The model also showed how blood would flow to every organ in each girl.